Cytokines and other proteins

Cytokines and other proteins

Cytokines are a diverse group of small proteins that play crucial roles in cell signaling and communication in the immune system and other biological processes. These proteins are involved in regulating the immune response, inflammation, hematopoiesis (formation of blood cells), and cell differentiation.



Cytokines can be classified into different families, including interleukins, interferons, tumor necrosis factors, and chemokines, each with specific functions and signaling pathways.

For example, interleukins such as IL-2 and IL-6 are involved in T cell proliferation and inflammation, while interferons like IFN-alpha and IFN-gamma play key roles in antiviral defense and immune regulation.

Tumor necrosis factors (TNF-alpha and TNF-beta) are involved in inflammation and apoptosis.

Chemokines are responsible for directing the migration of immune cells to sites of infection or injury.

Cytokines and other related proteins are essential components of the immune system and are critical for maintaining homeostasis and mounting effective immune responses.